ARTEMOVSK (until 1923, Bakhmut), city in the Ukraine. Jewish settlement in Artemovsk dates from the late 18th century. The numbers increased as a result of immigration from Lithuania and Volhynia. In 1847, 496 Jews were registered in the community; in 1897, 3,259 (16.8% of the total population). In the early 20th century Jews owned big factories producing flour, beer, and soap, stone quarries, sawmills, and most of the oil storage facilities. Five hundred Jews worked in the garment industry. There were 11 ḥadarim, a talmud torah, and three public schools, one of them a vocational school for girls. In 1926, 6,631 (17.1%) Jews lived in the city and 17,622 (2.3%) in the Artemovsk district. Pogroms in October 1905 led to deaths and injuries and heavy damage to Jewish property. In the Soviet period Jewish sources of livelihood underwent a change: in 1926, 20% were blue-collar workers and clerks, 10% were artisans, 30% remained petty merchants, and the rest were without a defined profession. A Yiddish school with 400 pupils (in 1926) was in operation. The number of Jews dropped to 5,299 by 1939 (total population 55,409). The Germans occupied Artemovsk on October 31, 1941. On December 21, ten Jews were hanged. On January 5, 1942, 3,000 Jews were assembled and then held without food and water until February 15, when they were sealed off in one of the tunnels of the marble quarry and suffocated to death. In 1959, 1,800 Jews were registered in Artemovsk (30% of the total population); by 1979 the number had fallen to about 1,000. Most left in the 1990s. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Judenpogrome in Russland, 2 (1909), 204–10. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: PK Ukrainah, S.V. (Yehuda Slutsky / Shmuel Spector (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Artemovsk — may refer to: * Artemivsk, city in Ukraine (Donetsk Oblast) * Artemivsk, city in Ukraine (Luhansk Oblast) * Artyomovsk, city in Russia …   Wikipedia

  • Artemovsk —   [ar tjɔ ], Stadt in der Ukraine, Artjomowsk …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Artemovsk — Original name in latin Artmovsk Name in other language Artemovsk, Artmovsk, Артемовск State code UA Continent/City Europe/Zaporozhye longitude 48.44061 latitude 38.732 altitude 282 Population 7616 Date 2012 11 12 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Artemovsk — Artjomowsk ist: eine Stadt in der Region Krasnojarsk (Russland), siehe Artjomowsk der russische Name der Stadt Artemiwsk in der Oblast Donezk (Ukraine), siehe Artemiwsk (Donezk) der russische Name der Stadt Artemiwsk in der Oblast Luhansk… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Artemovsk — Artiomovsk Artiomovsk Артёмовск [[Image:{{{image}}}|300px|{{{légende}}}]] Coordonnées  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Artemovsk — /urdd tyaw meuhfsk/, n. a city in E Ukraine. 89,000. Formerly, Bakhmut. * * * …   Universalium

  • Artemovsk — /urdd tyaw meuhfsk/, n. a city in E Ukraine. 89,000. Formerly, Bakhmut …   Useful english dictionary

  • Larisa Shepitko — Larisa Efimovna Shepitko ( ru. Лариса Ефимовна Шепитько; Artemovsk, Ukrainian SSR, 6 January 1939 Kalinin Oblast, 2 June 1979) was a Soviet Russian film director. She went to the All Union State Institute of Cinematography in Moscow as a student… …   Wikipedia

  • Aleksa Dundić — (real name Toma, but also known under his pseudonyms Ivan, Alejo, Aleksa, and, in literature, as Oleko or Red Dundich; April 13, 1896 July 8, 1920) was a Croatian communist, a prominent participant in Russia s October Revolution. A popular… …   Wikipedia

  • Artemivsk — or Artemovsk ( uk. Артемівськ, ru. Артемовск, formerly: Bachmut) is a city in the Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Artemivsky Raion. It is located on the Bachmutka River about 89 km away from the administrative… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”